« 本との出会い(6):「虚子俳句問答(下)」と「大悪人虚子」 | メイン | 虚子の俳句「去年今年貫く棒の如きもの」の棒とは何か? »

2015年1月12日 (月)

俳句談義(3): 虚子の句「初空や」の新解釈:  大悪人は誰か?

    

正月になれば虚子の句「初空や大悪人虚子の頭上に」のことに思いを巡らせる。

      

この句は従来の一般的な解釈では「大悪人虚子」と読んでいるが、そうであれば、「初御空」と表現するのが自然でないか? 「初空や」の句は5・7・5の定型でないが、「大悪人」と「虚子」を切って間をとって読めば俳句として不自然ではない。

虚子が「初御空」と言わず、「初空や」と詠んだのは「大悪人」と「虚子」とを切り離して、文字通り「大悪人が虚子の頭上にいる」と読ませるためでないか?  

それでは「大悪人」とは誰を指すのだろうか?   

大胆な推定であるが、「大悪人」とは「天智天皇」を指しているのではなかろうか?

   

虚子は同じ頃(大正6年)に「天の川の下に天智天皇と(臣)虚子と」という句を作っている。

虚子が「天の川の下に天智天皇と」と並記していることに興味が湧き、ネット検索をしたところ、吉岡禅寺洞の記事に「一千余年を隔てた二人の人物が、ひとしく文学者としてつながり」とあるが、虚子天智天皇を句に取り入れたのはそれだけが理由ではないだろう。

ウイキペディアの解説によると、「天智天皇」は「中大兄皇子」のことであり、中大兄皇子は中臣鎌足らと謀り、皇極天皇の御前で蘇我入鹿を暗殺するクーデターを起こす(乙巳の変)。入鹿の父・蘇我蝦夷は翌日自害した。更にその翌日、皇極天皇の同母弟を即位させ(孝徳天皇)、自分は皇太子となり中心人物として様々な改革(大化の改新)を行なった。」とある。

    

大義のある改革をするためとはいえ、「暗殺」という非常手段に訴えることは「大悪」である。対立する側からは中大兄皇子は「大悪人」とののしられたであろう。

だから「天智天皇のことを大悪人」と言っても不思議ではない。「初空や」の句は「天の川」の句と併せ読むと、「大化の改新をした天智天皇が大悪人なら、俳句の革新・大衆化を進めている臣たる自分も大悪人である」と感じて、「天智天皇が臣虚子を初空で見守っている」と詠んだものであると解釈することもできるだろう。

虚子は俳句を大衆に広めるために「花鳥諷詠」と「客観写生」を唱え、有季定型」は俳句の重要な要件であると説いている。しかし、虚子が作った「天の川」や「初空」の句は「定型」の5・7・5ではない。自分と対立する立場の人々から非難もされている。良かれと思ってしたことが傲岸ととられたり、悪い結果になったこともあるかもしれない。自分がしてきたことに対して何らかの罪悪感を持つこともあっただろう。

虚子は「天智天皇も自分もとか原罪などを同じように持って生まれた人間であり、1200年の時代の差は悠久の宇宙から見れば無きに等しい」と感じていたかもしれない。

         

このような解釈をすると、「一方で『天智天皇と(臣)虚子と』と言いながら、他方で『大悪人虚子』と言って俳句を作ったのも自然の成り行きと言える。このように考えると、本との出会い(4)」で提起した疑問を解消することができる。

     

「天智天皇を大悪人と言うのはけしからん」とか、「虚子が天智天皇のことを大悪人などと言うはずがない。バカなことを言うのもいい加減にしろ。」と怒る人もいるだろう。

しかし、「選は創作なり」と虚子は言っている。俳句を「鑑賞」し「解釈」することも「創作」と言えないこともない。 

虚子は俳句で様々な表現を試みており、その解釈も読み人次第であることを認識していたのだから、「このような解釈も創作の一つだ」として認めてくれるのではなかろうか? 

    

俳句の楽しさ面白さ醍醐味は花鳥諷詠の句作のみならず鑑賞を通じて創作的解釈をすることにもある。次回も虚子の俳句について書きたい。

      

      

最短の詩型としての俳句が持つ本質的な限界と広がりの可能性の面白さを再認識して、このブログを書きました。

何らかのコメントを頂けると幸甚です。

    

      

   

トラックバック

このページのトラックバックURL:
http://app.blog.enjoy.jp/t/trackback/655639/33113233

俳句談義(3): 虚子の句「初空や」の新解釈:  大悪人は誰か?を参照しているブログ:

コメント

Hello, i believe that i saw you visited my site so i came to
go back the want?.I am trying to find things to improve my website!I assume its good enough to
make use of a few of your ideas!!

I think that everything published was actually very reasonable.
However, consider this, suppose you were to create
a awesome title? I mean, I don't want to tell you how to run your blog, however what if you added something that makes people want more?
I mean 俳句 HAIKU : 俳句談義(3): 虚子の句「初空や」の新解釈:  大悪人は誰か?
is a little boring. You might glance at Yahoo's front
page and watch how they create news titles to get viewers
to click. You might try adding a video or a related picture or two to grab readers excited about everything've
written. Just my opinion, it might bring your posts a little livelier.

I really like your blog.. very nice colors &

Do you have any video of that? I'd love to find
out more details.

Wonderful blog! I found it while surfing around on Yahoo News.
Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News?

I've been trying for a while but I never seem to get there!
Appreciate it

I'm really loving the theme/design of your blog. Do you ever run into any browser compatibility problems?
A few of my blog audience have complained about my website
not working correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.
Do you have any solutions to help fix this problem?

Right here is the right website for everyone who wishes to find out about this topic.
You know a whole lot its almost tough to argue with you
(not that I personally would want to…HaHa).
You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject that's been discussed for ages.
Wonderful stuff, just wonderful!

Because of this elevation, the mountains surrounding it are
relatively excessive alpine peaks. God could make us certain footed like a mountain deer who can simply attain the peaks of the
mountains they live on.

I got this web page from my friend who shared with me concerning this web
site and now this time I am visiting this web site and reading very informative
posts at this place.

When I initially commented I clicked the "

Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks
I have read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you've got the opportunity,
Guess I will just book mark this site.

Fine way of explaining, and good post to obtain facts regarding my presentation subject, which i am going to
deliver in college.
http://www.bostonewc.com/home.php?mod=space&

Superb site you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics
talked about in this article? I'd really love to be a part of online community
where I can get responses from other knowledgeable individuals that share the same interest.
If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Cheers!

Hi there everybody, here every one is sharing such familiarity,
so it's pleasant to read this weblog, and I used
to pay a quick visit this webpage every day.

Simply desire to say your article is as amazing. The clearness for your put up is just spectacular and i can think you're a professional in this subject.
Well with your permission let me to clutch your feed to stay updated with imminent post.
Thanks one million and please continue the gratifying work.

Simply desire to say your article is as amazing.
The clearness on your post is just excellent and i can assume you're
a professional in this subject. Well with your permission let me to take hold of your feed
to stay updated with coming near near post. Thanks 1,
000,000 and please carry on the enjoyable work.

Very rapidly this web site will be famous among all blogging and
site-building visitors, due to it's fastidious content

All businesses will need to have a message page. Websites ranging in space and class at a
local restaurant to some Fortune 500 company, have contact
pages. Inside my current startup I have come across a number
of requests… from your pizza delivery guy letting us know he
was in front door to potential investors looking to speak with
these management team.

If you are setting increase your contact page (and getting
the traffic volume of the local restaurant) would likely not be thinking about how to regulate your contact requests when site traffic increases.
But the truth is should.

Look at setting up automation that alerts support, sales or some other stakeholders with your company when an e-mail request
comes through. You can create a dropdown field in submit form for types of
contact requests. It is possible to set up logic in many marketing automation platforms that sends
email alerts to the correct resource with your startup based upon the type of
request the viewer selects.

I was buried with contact requests even as launched beta.
As a cloud-based product I saw many product support
requests. And we all mapped form submissions on our contact page to develop support tickets in Zendesk.


You also want to put in place redundancies so contact requests (important
ones!) don't get lost in an individual recipient's inbox.
You'll be able to alert multiple recipients, create reminder emails, or
trigger automatic replies to call requests with information that may
solve their problem. This is all easy to build with all-in-one marketing platforms like HubSpot.

I need to to thank you for this excellent read!!
I absolutely loved every little bit of it. I have
you bookmarked to check out new stuff you post…

I pay a quick visit every day a few web pages and sites
to read posts, however this webpage provides feature
based articles.

Asking questions are truly nice thing if you are not understanding something entirely, except this
piece of writing gives pleasant understanding yet.

Today, I went to the beachfront with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and said
"

Thank you for writing this awesome article. I'm a long time reader but
I've never been compelled to leave a comment. I subscribed to your blog and shared this
on my Facebook. Thanks again for a great post!

For most recent news you have to pay a visit the web and on internet I found this
site as a finest web site for newest updates.

I think this is one of the such a lot vital info for me.
And i am satisfied reading your article. However
should remark on few general issues, The web site taste is wonderful,
the articles is in reality nice :D. Just right job, cheers.

コメントを投稿